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Quick Facts:

Sarsen Stone

The giant sarsen stones (which form the outer circle), weigh as much as 50 tons each. To transport them from the Marlborough Downs, roughly 20 miles to the north.

Blue Stone

The Blus Stones were from the Prescelly Mountains, located roughly 240 miles away, at the southwestern tip of Wales.

The Stones...

Stonehenge's position was carefully chosen by the Ancients because they believed it to be at the centre of their entire world; the place around which time and the seasons revolved. It is an awe-inspiring sight for us today, but at the height of its glory, with its conical wooden covering (a much- magnified version of ordinary houses and other buildings of the time), it would have evoked gasps of wonder and admiration from visitors from all over the known world, who would have been drawn to it as a Temple and a unique Centre of Excellence.

The Sarsen Circle.

The Sarsen Stones came from the Marlborough Downs, twenty miles North of Stonehenge. How did they move these huge stones? What route did they take? The Sarsen Stones are absolutely huge! The size of some of the bigger ones is 8ft wide by 5ft thick and 25ft long, and the weight varies from 20 - 30 Tons and more depending on size. It seems hardly conceivable that with very little technology and few materials they managed to move them at all.

It was only possible to construct the Sarsen Circle by raising the soil around Stonehenge, enabling the builder to manoeuvre the lintel stones up the mound of earth on to the top, and then position them into a perfect circle.

The Blue Stones.

The Bluestones weigh up to 4 tons each and 60 were used in all. Given the distance they had to travel, this presented a huge transportation problem. Modern theories speculate that the stones were dragged by roller and sledge from the inland mountains to the headwaters of Milford Haven.

The Bluestones came from the Preseli Mountains in Wales. They are much smaller than the Sarsen stones. It has been suggested they may have been moved by glacial activity and deposited near Stonehenge many years earlier. I believe this to be highly unlikely. Most people believe the stones were transported by human power alone. There have been several routes proposed, but the most popular belief is that they were taken along the coast of Wales by sea and then overland to Stonehenge.

Several attempts have been made to re-enact the moving of the Bluestones. The dragging of a stone by sledge or on wooden rollers proved to be difficult due to their extreme weight, but it was the steering that caused most of the problems. The greatest difficulties were encountered when trying to lift the stone onto a boat; they frequently capsized and sank, proving that it would have been virtually impossible to have ferried the stones across the sea. Bruce however has created a Wooden Roller with which the Bluestone could be encased and rolled overland. It was found that the Bluestones could be rolled to the shore and then floated across the water inside the casing. This was made possible by rolling the stone directly into the sea and then adding ballast, so that the Bluestone could be floated across the sea and rolled out onto the beach at the other side.

The Trilithons.

The Trilithons are set precisely in position to create a fantastic illusion. Stand at the main entrance of Stonehenge at the point where you enter the Sarsen circle on the Summer Solstice line, look up at the Trilithons and they appear to be holding up the roof. They vary in height because the smaller Trilithons are closer to you at this point; therefore they all appear to be of the same height. The Trilithons are no longer an elliptical shape but appear to form a perfect circle. The largest Trilithon is exactly half the height of the building and so is the ring of cross members. This gives the effect that all these horizontals are connected.

The Lintels

The lintels on top of the Trilithons are an exact size, so that they each appear to be supporting three roof beams. There are no reference points on the Trilithons to gauge their size or height, so they look even bigger inside the enclosed space of Stonehenge. The best description of this scene, as you looked up at the roof is that of sunbeams breaking though the clouds, held up by gigantic stone pillars of tremendous power. To see this for the first time without knowing or understanding would have been breathtaking; even better would have been that at the moment you walked forward, you would suddenly realize that there was apparently nothing holding up the roof. It would have appeared to many as if it were held up by the Gods themselves!

The Book.

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