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Quick Facts:

What is Stonehenge?

Stonehenge is a group of standing stones. As to what it is for no-one really knows,

Where is Stonehenge?

Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, S England.

The Facts About Stonehenge...

The word ‘Henge’...

'Henge" simply means hang! Hang means to support from above or the side, like you "hang" a door! Bruce spoke to a builder and asked him - what is meant by "the hang of a roof?" He was told " When you put the joists in place they stretch from one wall to the other. That's the hang of the roof!" Even today the word Hanger is used for a large building with no internal supports. Stonehenge is the perfect description of such a building. The roof is supported by the Sarsen Circle alone.

The Location & Details...

Stonehenge is a group of standing stones on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, S. England. Pre-eminent among megalithic monuments in the British Isles, it is similar to an older and larger monument at Avebury. The great prehistoric structure is enclosed within a circular ditch 300 ft (91 m) in diameter, with a bank on its inner side, and is approached by a broad roadway called the Avenue. Within the circular trench the stones are arranged in four series: The outermost is a circle of sandstones about 13.5 ft (4.1 m) high connected by lintels; the second is a circle of bluestone menhirs; the third is horseshoe shaped;and the innermost is ovoid. Within the ovoid lies the Altar Stone. The Heel Stone is a great upright stone in the Avenue, northeast of the circle.

When was it built ?

Around 3500 BC the semi-nomadic peoples that populated the Salisbury Plain began to build the monument now known as Stonehenge. The original construction was a circular ditch and mound with 56 holes forming a ring around its perimeter. The first stone to be placed at the site was the Heel Stone. It was erected outside of a single entrance to the site. 200 years later 80 blocks of Bluestone was transported from a quarry almost 200 miles away in the Preseli Mountains. It is surmised that these blocks were transported by way of rafts along the Welsh coast and up local rivers, finally to be dragged overland to the site. These stones were erected forming two concentric circles.

At some point this construction was dismantled and work began on the final phase of the site. The Bluestones were moved within the circle and the gigantic stones that give Stonehenge its distinctive look were installed. Some of these massive stones weigh as much as 26 tons!

Bruce believes he has solved the age-old conundrum of how such enormous monoliths could have been moved over these great distances by a supposedly primitive people. And if their technical and logistical skills were capable of such a feat, he believes it would be no great imaginative leap to suppose that they would have been able to design and build the wooden structure illustrated here.

The Book.

The Gallery.

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Copyright 2008 Bruce. Email Bruce at Stonehenge Ltd. All rights reserved.